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Q.OPT STEM 비자 중 Work for Hire as 1099 employment

지역New York 아이디s**g120****
조회215 공감0 작성일1/24/2023 7:47:07 AM

안녕하세요,

하루 전에 같은 질문을 업데이트 했었는데, 마지막으로 clarity를 위해 한 번 더 여쭈어 봅니다.

저는 OPT STEM 비자 기간 중에 있는데요, 한 E-verified 회사로부터 Tour of Duty를 명목으로 한달반동안 W2가 아닌 1099의 신분으로 일해보자고 오퍼 받은 상태입니다.

검색해보니 어떤 글에서는 W2 잡만 인정된다는 곳도 있고, 아래의 document처럼 Employer가 E-verified된 상태이고 employer가 i983 폼에 싸인한 주체이며 supervision and training directly related to my degree 를 제공한다면  Work for Hire Contractor여도 괜찮다고 하는 곳도 있어 헷깔려 여쭈어 봅니다!

A student authorized for a 24-month extension must work at least 20 hours per week for an E-Verify employer in a paid position directly related to his or her DHS-approved STEM CIP code.

For students who are on a STEM extension, this employment may include:

  • Multiple employers. Students may work for more than one employer, but all employment must be related to each individual student's degree program and all employers must be enrolled in E-Verify.
  • Work for hire. This is also commonly referred to as 1099 employment where an individual performs a service based on a contractual relationship rather than an employment relationship. The company for whom the student is providing services must be registered with E-Verify. If requested by DHS, students must be prepared to provide evidence showing the duration of the contract periods and the name and address of the contracting company.
  • Self-employed business owner. Students on a STEM extension can start a business and be self-employed. In this situation, the student must register his or her business with E-Verify and work full time. The student must be able to prove that he or she has the proper business licenses and is actively engaged in a business related to his or her degree program. HOWEVER, under the new STEM regulations, students may not fill out their own Form I-983, Sections 3 to 6, nor act as their own employer for the purposes of the form. This might result in the student NOT being eligible for a STEM extension if self-employed.
  • Employment through an agency or consulting firm. If a student uses a temporary or staffing agency to place them in a training opportunity, the agency cannot complete and sign Form I-983, “Training Plan for STEM OPT Students.”  Only the E-verified employer that provides the actual training relevant to the student’s qualifying STEM degree is authorized to sign and complete Form I-983. The “Official with Signatory Authority” for a student’s Form I-983 must meet the following criteria:
    • Be employed by the organization providing the training.
    • Be familiar with the STEM OPT student’s goals and performance.
    • Have the authority to affirm that the information on Form I-983 is true and correct


    도움주신 변호인 분들께 진심으로 감사드립니다!!!


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    * 등록된 총 답변수 2개입니다.

    최경규 님 답변 [이민/비자] 답변일 1/24/2023 9:24:51 AM

    계약직(independent contractor)이라 하더라도 회사에서 E-verify를 사용하고 있고, i-983을 작성해 주고 업무가 '전공관련성'이 있으면 단기간 STEM OPT를 하시는데 문제가 없습니다.  

    최경규 [이민/비자]

    직업 변호사

    이메일 greencardandvisa@gmail.com

    전화 714-295-0700

    회원 답변글
    s**g120**** 님 답변 답변일 1/24/2023 9:29:42 AM
    최경규 변호사님 답변 감사드립니다! OPT 때는 contract 포지션이 문제가 없다는 것을 확실하게 알고 있는데 OPT STEM (OPT Extension) 신분일 때에는 bona fide employer-employee relationship, 즉 W2 employee여만 한다고 안내하는 곳들이 많아서 다시 한번 여쭈어 보았는데요, OPT "STEM"일 때도 문제가 없다는 것이지요?

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